HSH Hereditary Prince Maximilian Leopold Carl Alois of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein was born at Munich on March 29, 1972. He is the eldest of five children of HSH Ferdinand, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein and the late Princess Franziska zu Oettingen-Oettingen und Oettingen-Spielberg, who died in October 2011.
He has one brother, Prince Felix, and three younger sisters, Princess Alice, Princess Margherita and Princess Georgina. Prince Felix was married in June 2012 to Doña Cristina Gutiérrez-Maturana-Larios y Kalachnikof. Princess Alice's marriage to Prince Christian of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg took place in August 2011, six weeks after the marriage of Princess Georgina to Count Clemens Douglas.
Princess Margherita is unmarried.